Growing Lemon Trees
It is amazing to be in a position to pick your own lemons. You can not beat fresh fruit! Lemons are essential in everyone’s dwelling since they give us with shade, lovely perfume when they flower and are an vital ingredient in many recipes. Lemon trees are especially particular about their growing circumstances. They like sunny position, especially great drainage and do not tolerate frosts. The varieties offered to the dwelling gardener are Eureka, the Lisbon and the Meyer lemon.
Lemon trees need a well draining sandy soil. They do not thrive in clay soils considering that they hold too substantially moisture which causes the roots to rot. Damp soils also lack oxygen and this prevents the lemon tree roots from respiring (absorbing oxygen). If you have a clay soil there are numerous items you can do to enhance the drainage. The first is to apply gypsum the second is to incorporate lots of compost and animal manure and the third choice is to develop a raised garden bed. Raised garden beds lift the roots away from the wet clay soil.
Lemon trees are what we call hungry, they call for a lot of fertiliser primarily nitrogen. Nitrogen promotes leaf growth and the formation of chlorophyll, which is an critical element of the photosynthesis approach. Lemons require a lot of nitrogen, so they need to have to be fertilised four occasions year. In warmer climates, this is quick, just about every time the season alterations fertilise them. But in cool/temperate climates you can’t fertilise in winter for the reason that the plants have shut down and will not absorb it. I suggest you start out fertilising in early September, then in early December, then in early February and the last fed in late March/early April, ahead of the soil temperature cools down. This regime should certainly provide them with sufficient nitrogen to assist them healthy.
Given that they are gross feeder they require fertiliser like blood and bone, compost or a pellet organic fertiliser. Lemons like acidic soils so do not use chicken manure mainly because it is alkaline. You may possibly discover when the tree is creating lemons that it exhibits a nitrogen deficiency. This is for the reason that it is putting all its energy into generating fruit. It is without difficulty fixed in spring by applying a high nitrogen fertiliser.
In autumn/winter the leaves might also show an iron deficiency. This is usually brought on by the cold temperature of the soil. It is very easily fixed in spring by applying some Chelate of Iron. There is no point applying it in winter for the reason that the roots will not absorb it.
It could also be triggered by an alkaline soil which lemons do not like. To uncover out irrespective of whether your soil alkaline or not, you have to have to carry out a soil pH test. If it shows your soil is alkaline, apply some sulphur to lower it and then in a couple of week’s time you can apply some Chelate of Iron. You can use Sulphate of Iron, but it does not stay in the soil as extended as the Chelates. I
Some of the Prevalent Pests and Illnesses
Lemons have their fair share of pests and two of the most troublesome are scale and leaf miner. Scale is a sap sucking insect that is protected by a waxy coat and leaf miner is a caterpillar that lives under the waxy coating of the leaf and eats the tissue. Scale appears when the tree is stressed due to lack of water and leaf miner often appears in autumn/winter. It is quickly to control these two pests all you want to do is spray white oil. It dissolves the wax and zaps the pests.
Gall wasp in another annoying pest and is ideal controlled by using an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system. It is a strategy that recommends utilizing physical/biological and if all else fails chemical controls. There is no chemical manage for gall wasp, so it is vital to analysis its life-cycle and interrupted it. Pruning it out and using sticky traps is advised, but remember you will not absolutely eradicate it, in particular if your neighbours do not do something.
Collar rot is a fungal illness that attacks the roots and appears on the trunk just above soil level. The bark splits and cracks and impacts its vigour, but the tree can soldier on for years. Other symptoms are the leaves turn yellow and gum could possibly ooze out of the trunk. The best way to control this disease is to boost the air circulation about the trunk by removing the branches closest to the ground, eliminate any weeds developing about the trunk and apply a cooper fungicide. This illness is common with trees planted in clay soils since they have poor drainage. By enhancing it, you control the disease.
Thick and Tough Skinned Lemons
Thick and tough skinned lemons are induced by lack of water. It can also be triggered by a nutrient imbalance of too substantially nitrogen and not sufficient potash. This sometimes takes place when animal manure has been used completely substituted of a complete organic fertiliser. You can repair the challenge immediately by applying 250g of sulphate of potash, then in autumn applying a single kg of super-phosphate and in spring applying 1 kg of complete fertiliser.
Potted Lemon Trees
If you are expanding a lemon in a pot it wants to be a minimal of 50cm across and the deeper the pot the better. Pots are notorious for drying out over summer, so it is imperative that you consistently check the moisture level. Adding watering holding crystals each spring is a good way to hold additional moisture. It is also imperative to re-pot the lemon each two to 3 years as potting mix can run out of nutrients and can grow to be water-resistant. Fresh potting mix and fertiliser will help maintain your lemon tree well being. The wonderful factor is now that you can obtain dwarf varieties which are ideally suited to pots.
Tip: Lemons will need regular fertilising, but in pots be cautious not to give too considerably.
If you deliver your lemon with excellent drainage and lots of nutrients, you will have a tree that will last for years and will supply you with so numerous lemons you will wonder what to do with them all. One of the nicest items about being a gardener is sharing your excess. Lemon trees are difficult and will survive with neglect, but you will not get considerably fruit and it is very most likely to be bitter and tasteless.